London

   The capital city of England was home to most of the leading institutions of sacred music in the British Isles. While chant could be heard in most any parish church up through the Dissolution, polyphony appeared in St. Paul’s Cathedral about 1230 and the Westminster Customary (c. 1260) describes its performance in three voices at Westminster Abbey. The Abbey claimed the services of many masters through the centuries, including Orlando Gibbons, John Blow, Henry Purcell, and William Croft. In 1739, JohnWesley established the Foundery Chapel and introduced the Methodist hymn. In 1856, Henry John Gauntlett published The Congregational {}Psalmist under the auspices of the Union Chapel.
   Outside the churches, London’s theaters and concert halls sponsored extra-liturgical oratorios and cantatas of George Frideric Handel, Franz Joseph Haydn, Felix Mendelssohn, Edward Elgar, and others.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

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